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Contaminated Sediments The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry

Contaminated Sediments The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry

Contaminated Sediments The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry

Free Download Contaminated Sediments The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry

Contaminated Sediments The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry

Editors-in-Chief: O. Hutzinger ·D. Barceló ·A. Kostianoy

Volume 5 Water Pollution

Part T

Contaminated Sediments

Volume Editors: Tarek A. Kassim · Damià Barceló

 

Table of Contents

The Influence of Contaminated Sediments on Sustainable Use of the Planet

J.Cairns Jr.

Chlorinated and Brominated Organic Pollutants in Contaminated River Sediments

E.Eljarrat ·D.Barceló

Effects of Static vs. Tidal Hydraulic Conditions on Biogeochemical Processes inMesocosms: Degradation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons (AHs)

W.J.Catallo· J.L.Comeaux·T. Junk

Marine Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluations (TIEs): History, Principles, Methods, and Future Research

K.T.Ho·R.M.Burgess

Nucleic Acid-Based Techniques for Studying Diversity and Activity of Bacterial Communities in Oil-Contaminated Sediments

R.M.M.Abed

Steady-State Model of Chemical Migration in a Sediment Cap

D.Reible·C.Kiehl-Simpson·A.Marquette

Subject Index

The Influence of Contaminated Sediments

on Sustainable Use of the Planet

John Cairns Jr.

1 Information Flow Between Different Levels of Organization

2 sustainable use

3 Connecting the Dots

4 Carrying Capacity

5 Cascading Effects of Toxics in Large, Complex Systems

6 Multiple-Response Thresholds and Tipping Points

7 Ecotoxicology, Ecosystem Services, and Resilience

8 Restoring Damaged and Aquatic Ecosystems—The Role of Sediments

9 Ecological Monitoring of Sediments for Sustainable Use

10 Natural Capital, Industrial Ecology, and Ecosystem Services

The Role of Sediments

11 Meeting the Requirements of Decision-Makers

12 Epilogue

References

Abstract Sustainable use of the planet requires systems-level thinking and data management

over large temporal and spatial spans. The 20th century was an era of specialization;

the 21st century is almost certain to be an era of integration, but this integration will

require robust data about contaminated sediments and other components. Moreover, all

essential information must be in a form that is understandable to and operational for

decision-makers. Sediments are an important part of the physical subsystem that humans

propose to use indefinitely (i.e., for an estimated 15 billion years). A living subsystem

is closely associated with this physical subsystem. Humans must modify the management

of this subsystem to protect the integrity of the geophysical, ecological, climatic,

and cyclic (e.g., hydrologic) components of the planet’s biospheric life support system if

they expect to use it sustainably. Human requirements from natural capital (i.e., living

systems) and the services it provides must not exceed the capabilities of the resource. To

2 J. Cairns

this end, human economics and resource use must mesh with the economics of nature.

Since resources are finite on a finite planet, human activities must be consistent with the

ability of Earth’s biospheric life support systems to absorb the effects of human activities.

Sediments offer an excellent microcosm to develop this mutualistic relationship. A broad

systems-level approach (i.e., the role of the sediment subsystem in the biospheric life support

system) is a critical need for decision-makers. Some factors essential to meeting the

needs of decision-makers involved with sustainable use of the planet are included.

Keywords Biospheric life support system · Cascading ecological effects ·

Decision-making · Ecotoxicology · Sustainability · Tipping points

Abbreviations

NRC National Research Council

Contaminated Sediments The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry

 

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