Green Chemistry and the Ten Commandments of Sustainability by Stanley E Manahan

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Green Chemistry and the Ten Commandments of Sustainability by Stanley E Manahan

Green Chemistry and the Ten Commandments of Sustainability by Stanley E. Manahan

Free Download Green Chemistry and the Ten Commandments of Sustainability by Stanley E Manahan – 2nd Edition

Green Chemistry and the Ten Commandments of Sustainability by Stanley E Manahan

Stanley E. Manahan

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Chemistry, Green Chemistry, and Environmental Chemistry

1.1. Chemistry Is Good

1.2. The Environment and the Five Environmental Spheres

1.3. What Is Environmental Chemistry?

1.4. Environmental Pollution

1.5. What Is Green Chemistry?

1.6. Green Chemistry and Synthetic Chemistry

1.7. Reduction of Risk: Hazard and Exposure

1.8. The Risks of No Risks

1.9. Waste Prevention

1.10. Basic Principles of Green Chemistry

1.11. Some Things to Know About Chemistry before You Even Start

1.12. Combining Atoms to Make Molecules and Compounds

1.13. The Process of Making and Breaking Chemical Bonds: Chemical Reactions

1.14. The Nature of Matter and States of Matter

Chapter 2. The Elements: Basic Building Blocks of Green Chemicals

2.1. Elements, Atoms, and Atomic Theory

2.2. Hydrogen, the Simplest Atom

2.3. Helium, the First Noble Gas

2.4. Lithium, the First Metal

2.5. The Second Period of the Periodic Table

2.6. The Special Significance of the Octet of 8 Outer Shell Electrons

2.7. Completing the 20-Element Periodic Table

2.8. The Brief Periodic Table Is Complete

Chapter 3. Compounds: Safer Materials for a Safer World

3.1. Chemical Bonds and Compound Formation

3.2. Electrons Involved in Chemical Bonds and Octets of Electrons

3.3. Sodium Chloride and Ionic Bonds

3.4. Covalent Bonds in H2 and Other Molecules

3.5. Covalent Bonds in Compounds

3.6. Covalent Bonds and Green Chemistry

3.7. Predicting Covalently Bound Compounds

3.8. Chemical Formulas, the Mole, and Percentage Composition

3.9. What Are Chemical Compounds Called?

3.10. Acids, Bases, and Salts

Chapter 4. Chemical Reactions: Making Materials Safely Without Damaging the Environment

4.1. Describing What Happens With Chemical Equations

4.2. Balancing Chemical Equations

4.3. Just Because You Can Write It Does Not Mean That It Will Happen

4.4. Yield and Atom Economy in Chemical Reactions

4.5. Catalysts That Make Reactions Go

4.6. Kinds of Chemical Reactions

4.7. Oxidation-Reduction Reactions and Green Chemistry

4.8. Quantitative Information from Chemical Reactions

4.9. Stoichiometry By the Mole Ratio Method

4.10. Limiting Reactant and Percent Yield

4.11. Titrations: Measuring Moles By Volumes of Solution

4.12. Industrial Chemical Reactions: The Solvay Process

Chapter 5. The Wonderful World Of Carbon: Organic Chemistry and Biochemicals

5.1. Rings and Chains of Carbon Atoms

5.2. Compounds of Carbon and Hydrogen: Hydrocarbons

5.3. Lines Showing Organic Structural Formulas

5.4. Functional Groups

5.5. Giant Molecules from Small Organic Molecules

5.6. Life Chemicals

5.7. Carbohydrates

5.8. Proteins

5.9. Lipids: Fats, Oils, and Hormones

5.10. Nucleic Acids

Chapter 6. Energy Relationships

6.1. Energy

6.2. Radiant Energy from the Sun

6.3. Storage and Release of Energy By Chemicals

6.4. Energy Sources

6.5. Conversions Between Forms of Energy

6.6. Green Engineering and Energy Conversion Efficiency

6.7. Conversion of Chemical Energy

6.8. Renewable Energy Sources

6.9. Nuclear Energy: Will it Rise Again?

 Chapter 7. Water, the Ultimate Green Solvent: Its Uses and Environmental Chemistry

7.1. H2O: Simple Formula, Complex Molecule

7.2. Important Properties of Water

7.3. Water Distribution and Supply

7.4. Bodies of Water and Life in Water

7.5. Chemical Processes in Water

7.6. Fizzy Water from Underground

7.7. (Weak) Acid from the Sky

7.8. Why Natural Waters Contain Alkalinity and Calcium

7.9. Metals in Water

7.10. Water Interactions with Other Phases

7.11. Heavy Metal Water Pollutants

7.12. Inorganic Water Pollutants

7.13. Organic Water Pollutants

7.14. Pesticides in Water

7.15. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

7.16. Radioactive Substances in Water

7.17. Water Treatment

Chapter 8. Air and the Atmosphere

8.1. More Than Just Air to Breathe

8.2. Atmospheric Chemistry and Photochemical Reactions

8.3. Energy and Mass Transfer in the Atmosphere

8.4. Atmospheric Oxygen and Nitrogen

8.5. Atmospheric Pollutant Particles

8.6. Pollutant Gaseous Oxides

8.7. Acid Rain

8.8. Miscellaneous Gases in the Atmosphere

8.9. CO2: The Ultimate Air Pollutant?

8.10. Photochemical Smog

(Green Chemistry and the Ten Commandments of Sustainability by Stanley E Manahan)

Chapter 9. The Biosphere: How the Revolution in Biology Relates to Green


9.1. Green Chemistry and the Biosphere

9.2. Biology and the Biosphere

9.3. Cells: Basic Units of Life

9.4. Metabolism and Control in Organisms

9.5. Reproduction and Inherited Traits

9.6. Stability and Equilibrium of the Biosphere

9.7. DNA and the Human Genome

9.8. Genetic Engineering

9.9. Biological Interaction with Environmental Chemicals

9.10. Biodegradation

9.11. The Anthrosphere in Support of the Biosphere

Chapter 10. The Geosphere, Soil, and Food Production: The Second Green Revolution

10.1. The Solid Earth

10.2. Environmental Hazards of the Geosphere

10.3. Water in and on the Geosphere

10.4. Anthrospheric Influences on the Geosphere

10.5. The Geosphere as a Waste Repository

10.6. Have You Thanked a Clod Today?

 10.7. Production of Food and Fiber on Soil — Agriculture

10.8. Plant Nutrients and Fertilizers

10.9. Pesticides and Agricultural Production

10.10. Soil and Plants Related to Wastes And Pollutants

10.11. Soil Loss — Desertification and Deforestation

10.12. Agricultural Applications of Genetically Modified Organisms

Chapter 11. Toward a Greener Anthrosphere through Industrial Ecology

11.1. Industrial Ecology and Industrial Ecosystems

11.2. Metabolic Processes in Industrial Ecosystems

11.3. Life Cycles in Industrial Ecosystems

11.4. Kinds of Products

11.5. Attributes Required by an Industrial Ecosystem

11.6. Kalundborg

11.7. Environmental Impacts of Industrial Ecosystems

11.8. Green Chemistry in The Service of Industrial Ecosystems

11.9. Feedstocks, Reagents, Media, and Catalysts

Chapter 12. Feedstocks: Maximum Utilization of Renewable and Biological Materials

12.1. Sources of Feedstocks

12.2. Utilization of Feedstocks

12.3. Biological Feedstocks

12.4. Fermentation and Plant Sources of Chemicals

12.5. Glucose As Feedstock

12.6. Cellulose

12.7. Feedstocks from Cellulose Wastes

12.9. Direct Biosynthesis of Polymers

12.10. Bioconversion Processes for Synthetic Chemicals

Chapter 13. Terrorism, Toxicity, And Vulnerability: Chemistry in Defense of

Human Welfare

13.1. Vulnerability to Terrorist Attack

13.2. Protecting the Anthrosphere

13.3. Substances That Explode, Burn, or React Violently

13.4. Toxic Substances and Toxicology

13.5. Toxic Chemical Attack

13.6. Protecting Water, Food, and Air

13.7. Detecting Hazards

13.8. Green Chemistry to Combat Terrorism

13.9. Green Chemistry for Sustainable Prosperity and a Safer World

Chapter 14. The Ten Commandments of Sustainability

14.1. We Cannot Go On Like This

14.2. The First Commandment.

14.3. The Second Commandment.

14.4. The Third Commandment.

14.5. The Fourth Commandment.

14.6. The Fifth Commandment.

14.7. The Sixth Commandment.

14.8. The Seventh Commandment.

14.9. The Eighth Commandment.

14.10. The Ninth Commandment.

14.11. The Tenth Commandment.



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