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Industrial Chemistry Library, High Pressure Process Technology Fundamentals and Applications by A. Bertucco Volume 9

Industrial Chemistry Library, High Pressure Process Technology Fundamentals and Applications by A. Bertucco Volume 9

Industrial Chemistry Library, High Pressure Process Technology Fundamentals and Applications by A. Bertucco Volume 9

Free Download Industrial Chemistry Library, High Pressure Process Technology Fundamentals and Applications by A. Bertucco Volume 9

Volume 9

Authors of: Industrial Chemistry Library, High Pressure Process Technology Fundamentals and Applications by A. Bertucco Volume 9

 

A. Bertucco

G. Vetter

 Table of Contents in Industrial Chemistry Library, High Pressure Process Technology Fundamentals and Applications by A. Bertucco Volume 9

Preface

Contents

List of Contributors

  1. Introduction

High pressure definitions and examples in nature

Early historical roots of high-pressure technology

High-pressure technology today – motivations for using high pressure

High-pressure technology today- application survey and examples

  1. Thermodynamic properties at high-pressure

Introduction

Phase equilibria

Principles of phase equilibria

The Chemical potential and the phase rule of Gibbs

Fugacity and activity

Critical phenomena

Classification of phase equilibria

Fluid phase equilibria

Phase equilibria with the presence of solid phases

Calculation of high-pressure phase equilibria

Bubble point-, dew point- and flash calculations

Equations of state

Cubic equations of state

Non-cubic equations of state

Solubility of solids in Supercritical Fluids

Polymer systems

Glassy polymers

Chemical reaction equilibria

Homogeneous gas reactions

Heterogeneous reactions

Experimental methods

Vapour-Liquid equilibria

Equilibria involving solids

  1. Kinetic properties at high-pressure

Interesting features at high-pressure

Kinetics of high-pressure reactions

Molecular theory of reaction rate constants

Activation volume

Terms contributing to ΔVR ~

Terms contributing to Δvs #

Evaluation of the activation volume from experimental data

Single homogeneous reactions

Parallel reactions

Reactions in series

Chain reactions

Heterogeneous catalytic reactions

Reactions influenced by mass transport

Prediction of the activation volume

Activation volume as a tool for the elucidation of the reaction mechanism

Change of reaction rate constant with pressure

Problems

Measurement of chemical kinetic data at high pressure

Measurement of reaction rates

Examples

4-Design and construction of high pressure equipment for research and production

High pressure machinery
Requirements and design concepts
Generation of pressure with pumps and compressors
Pumps
Reciprocating displacement pumps
Rotary displacement pumps
Centrifugal pumps
Compressors
Piston compressors
Turbo compressors
Special problems involving high-pressure machinery
Strength of the components
Seals
High-pressure piping equipment
Tubing and fittings
Isolation and control valves
Safety valves and other devices
References of sections 4.1 and 4.2
High-pressure vessels and other components
Calculation of vessels and components
The hollow cylinder under static loading
Strengthening the thick-walled hollow cylinder under static loading
Influence of temperature gradients on design
End pieces side-holes and surface influence
Materials
Typical materials for apparatus and other equipment
Corrosion-resisting materials
H2-attack at elevated temperatures: Nelson diagram

5-Industrial reaction units

6-Separation operations and equipment

7-Safety and control in high pressure plant design and operation

8-Economics of high pressure processes

9-Applications

Chemical reactions in Supercritical Solvents (SCFs)

Enzymatic reactions

Hydrogenation under supercritical single-phase conditions

Supercritical Water Oxidation (SCWO). Application to industrial wastewater treatment

High pressure polymerization with metallocene catalysts

Supercritical Fluid Extraction and Fractionation from Solid Materials

High pressure polymer processing

Precipitation of solids with dense gases

Pharmaceutical processing with supercritical fluids

Treating microorganisms with high pressure

Dry cleaning with liquid carbon dioxide

Dry-cleaning processes
Conventional dry cleaning
Dry cleaning with liquid carbon dioxide
The CO2 dry-cleaning process
Fundamentals
Garments agitation
Machine configurations
Conclusions

Subject Index

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