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Basic Concepts in Relativity and Early Quantum Theory

Basic Concepts in Relativity and Early Quantum Theory

Basic Concepts in Relativity and Early Quantum Theory by Robert Resnick & David Halliday

Free Download Basic Concepts in Relativity and Early Quantum Theory by Robert Resnick & David Halliday

Basic Concepts in Relativity and Early Quantum Theory

Second Edition

Authors:
Robert Resnick
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
David Halliday
University of Pittsburgh

 

Table of Contents

Introduction to Chapters 1 to 3

CHAPTER 1

THE EXPERIMENTAL BACKGROUND OF THE THEORY OF

SPECIAL RELATIVITY

1-1 Introduction

1-2 Galilean Transformations

1-3 Newtonian Relativity

1-4 Electromagnetism and Newtonian Relativity

1-5 Attempts to Locate the Absolute Frame—The Michelson-Morley Experiment

1-6 Attempts to “Save the Ether”—The Lorentz-Fitzgerald Contraction

1-7 Attempts to “Save the Ether”—The Ether-Drag Hypothesis

1-8 Attempts to Modify Electrodynamics

1-9 The Postulates of Special Relativity Theory

1-10 Einstein and the Origin of Relativity Theory

CHAPTER 2

RELATIVISTIC KINEMATICS

2-1 The Relativity of Simultaneity

2-2 Derivation of the Lorentz Transformation Equations

2-3 Some Consequences of the Lorentz Transformation Equations

2-4 The Lorentz Equations—A More Physical Look

2-5 The Observer in Relativity

2-6 The Relativistic Addition of Velocities

2-7 Aberration and Doppler Effect in Relativity

2-8 The Common Sense of Special Relativity

CHAPTER 3

RELATIVISTIC DYNAMICS

3-1 Mechanics and Relativity

3-2 The Need to Redefine Momentum

3-3 Relativistic Momentum

3-4 The Relativistic Force Law and the Dynamics of a Single Particle

3-5 Some Experimental Results

3-6 The Equivalence of Mass and Energy

3-7 Relativity and Electromagnetism  Introduction to Chapters 4 to 7

CHAPTER 4

THE QUANTIZATION OF ENERGY

4-1 Introduction

4-2 Thermal Radiation

4-3 The Theory of Cavity Radiation

4-4 The Rayleigh-Jeans Radiation Law

4-5 The Quantization of Energy

4-6 Energy Quantization and the Heat Capacities of Solids

4-7 The Franck-Hertz Experiment

4-8 Epilogue

CHAPTER 5

THE PARTICLE NATURE OF RADIATION

5-1 Introduction

5-2 The Photoelectric Effect

5-3 Einstein’s Quantum Theory of the Photoelectric Effect 165

5-4 The Compton Effect

5-5 Pair Production

5-6 Photons Generated by Accelerating Charges

5-7 Photon Production by Pair Annihilation

CHAPTER 6

THE WAVE NATURE OF MATTER AND THE UNCERTAINTY PRINCIPLE

6-1 Matter Waves

6-2 Testing the de Broglie Hypothesis

6-3 The Electron Microscope

6-4 The Wave-Particle Duality

6-5 The Uncertainty Principle

6-6 A Derivation of the Uncertainty Principle

6-7 Interpretation of the Uncertainty Principle

CHAPTER 7

EARLY QUANTUM THEORY OF THE ATOM

7-1 J. J. Thomson’s Model of the Atom

7-2 The Nuclear Atom

7-3 The Stability of the Nuclear Atom
7-4 The Spectra of Atoms
7-5 The Bohr Atom
7-6 The Bohr Semiclassical Planetary Model of the One-Electron Atom
7-7 The Quantization of Angular Momentum
7-8 Correction for the Nuclear Mass
7-9 Bohr Theory—The High-Water Mark
7-10 Quantum Mechanics—A Preview

SUPPLEMENTARY TOPIC A

THE GEOMETRIC REPRESENTATION OF SPACETIME

SUPPLEMENTARY TOPIC B

THE TWIN PARADOX

SUPPLEMENTARY TOPIC C

THE PRINCIPLE OF EQUIVALENCE AND THE GENERAL

THEORY OF RELATIVITY

SUPPLEMENTARY TOPIC D

THE RADIANCY AND THE ENERGY DENSITY

SUPPLEMENTARY TOPIC E

EINSTEIN’S DERIVATION OF PLANCK’S RADIATION LAW

SUPPLEMENTARY TOPIC F

DEBYE’S THEORY OF THE HEAT CAPACITY OF SOLIDS

SUPPLEMENTARY TOPIC G

PHASE SPEED AND GROUP SPEED

SUPPLEMENTARY TOPIC H

MATTER WAVES—REFRACTION AT THE CRYSTAL SURFACE

SUPPLEMENTARY TOPIC I

RUTHERFORD SCATTERING

ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS

APPENDIXES

INDEX

 

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