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Concepts, Instrumentation and Techniques in Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry by Richard D. Beaty and Jack D. Kerber

Concepts, Instrumentation and Techniques in Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry by Richard D. Beaty and Jack D. Kerber

Concepts, Instrumentation and Techniques in Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry Richard D. Beaty and Jack D. Kerber

Free Download Concepts, Instrumentation and Techniques in Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry by Richard D. Beaty and Jack D. Kerber – 2nd Edition

Concepts, Instrumentation and Techniques in Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry by Richard D. Beaty and Jack D. Kerber

Second Edition

Authors:
Richard D. Beaty

Jack D. Kerber

 

Table of Contents

1 Theoretical Concept and Definitions

The Atom and Atomic Spectroscopy
Atomic Absorption Process

Quantitative Analysis by Atomic Absorption

Characteristic Concentration and Detection Limits

Characteristic Concentration

Detection Limits
2 Atomic Absorption Instrumentation

The Basic Components

AA Light Sources

The Hollow Cathode Lamp

The Electrodeless Discharge Lamp

Optical Considerations

Photometers

Single-beam Photometers

Double-beam Photometers

Alternative Photometer Designs

Optics and the Monochromator System

The Atomic Absorption Atomizer

Pre-mix Burner System

Impact Devices

Nebulizers, Burner Heads and Mounting Systems

Electronics

Precision in Atomic Absorption Measurements

Calibration of the Spectrometer

Automation of Atomic Absorption

Automated Instruments and Sample Changers

Automated Sample Preparation

The Stand-alone Computer and Atomic Absorption

3 Control of Analytical Interferences

The Flame Process

Nonspectral Interferences

Matrix Interference

Method of Standard Additions

Chemical Interference

3 Control of Analytical Interferences (continued)

Ionization Interference

Spectral Interferences

Background Absorption

Continuum Source Background Correction

Introduction to Zeeman Background Correction

Other Spectral Interferences

Interference Summary

4 High Sensitivity Sampling Systems

Limitations to Flame AA Sensitivity

The Cold Vapor Mercury Technique

Principle

Advantages of the Cold Vapor Technique

Limitations of the Cold Vapor Technique

The Hydride Generation Technique

Principle

Advantages of the Hydride Technique

Disadvantages of the Hydride Technique

Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption

Principle

Advantages of the Graphite Furnace Technique

5 Introduction to Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption

Considerations in Ultra Trace Analysis

Performance Criteria

Graphite Furnace Applications

Components of the Graphite Furnace System

The Graphite Furnace Atomizer

The Graphite Furnace Power Supply and Programmer

Summary of a Graphite Furnace Analysis

Sample Size

The Drying Step

The Pyrolysis Step

The Pre-atomization Cool Down Step

The Atomization Step

The Clean Out and Cool Down Step

Fast Furnace Analysis

5 Introduction to Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption (continued)

Measuring the Graphite Furnace AA Signal

Nature of the Graphite Furnace Signal

Peak Height Measurement

Peak Area Measurement

Solid Sampling With the Graphite Furnace

6 Control of Graphite Furnace Interferences

Interferences and the Graphite Furnace

Spectral Interferences

Emission Interference

Background Absorption

Background Reduction Techniques

Automated Instrumental Background Correction

Interpolated Background Correction

Nonspectral Interferences Definition

Method of Standard Additions

The Graphite Tube Surface

The L’vov Platform

Matrix Modification

Maximum Power Atomization

Peak Area Measurement

Fast Electronics and Baseline Offset Correction

Stabilized Temperature Platform Furnace

The Goals

The STPF System

7 Alternate Analytical Techniques

Direct Current Plasma (DCP) Emission

Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) Emission

Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS)

Summary

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